A Step By Step Guide on How to Migrate WordPress Site like A Pro!

Now, ask yourself this question, if anything happens to your wordpress blog right now and there’s the need either to re-install the blog or to migrate your wordpress site to another server, will you be able to handle it, seriously?

Of course, I know you could depend on your webhosting company to move the site to new server but as many of us do know,  many of these hosting companies could disappoint or most times takes too much doing what you want. Besides, it is really not a good idea to depend on your webhost to do this for you every time. There are times you would want to tell your host, bull sh*t and just do it yourself!

Anyway, whether you want to depend on your webhosting company or not, I think it is not a bad idea to have some knowledge of what to do if you need to move your wordpress site/blog to a new host or you just need to reinstall your blog because of one problem or the other. That is why in this post I have decided to reveal a system that I’ve used at different times to move my personal and my clients’ blogs without fail.

If you search Google for the phrase: “how to move your wordpress blog to a new host,” you’ll discover that different people use different methods to do this. The last time I did I actually received about 4 different methods! Unfortunately, most of these methods are very complicated. Some of them do not only require you to change some codes in the database but they also take hours or even days to get your site/blog up and running again.

However, the method I want to reveal in this post is simply the easiest and quickest I’ve found to migrate your site or blog without any hassle. You can actually move your wordpress blog in under one hour – from installing the new blog to making it live. I can say this with confidence because I’ve actually tried the other methods before settling for this one. Right now, it is the only method I use whether I’m working on my own or on a client’s site.

How to migrate wordpress site with ease!

Why Would You Want To Move Your WordPress Blog?

There are actually different reasons for this. For example, within the past 4 years I have had to move the Web Income Journal at different times. Here are some of the reasons (I’m sure you will relate to one of them!)

1. Move WordPress Blog To Another Domain Name

This was actually the first reason why I had to move the Web Income Journal. The blog started under the domain name www.themarketingmouse.com but after a couple of years when I discovered that that domain name was not doing well in the search engines based on the target audience I decided on a new domain name – www.webincomejournal.com – but instead of simply doing a redirect, I removed the old domain name and moved the files to the new one. [You can read that story here.]

So, this could be one reason why you want to transfer your wordpress blog.

2. Move WordPress Blog to another Webhost

This is another reason why moving wordpress may become necessary. Again, about a year ago, I had to move to a VPS hosting account after my previous host informed me that my blog has grown too big for a shared hosting package. Moving to that VPS plan was done seamlessly by the webhosting company (this was the only time my  web host did this for me!) but after about a year of running that VPS hosting package, I discovered I was not really getting what I paid for (in fact, the site was down most days and at a time it was offline for days. Here is the story!) and I had no option but to look for another host. That was when I moved to my present webhost!

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Let me quickly say here that though my present hosting plan is a shared plan, right now I’m more satisfied here than when I was running the VPS plan!  My blog now load faster and there are less outages! Besides, the problem of CPU (which was the main problem with my former host) has now become a thing of the past. I now have more bonus features which I never got even with a VPS package!

If you’re having problems with your present host or you just want to move your wordpress blog to a server that will help your blog load faster and that has amazing webhosting features, then I recommend you click here.

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From the above, you may need to move your wordpress blog if at any time you want to change your webhost.

3. If Your WordPress Blog Was Hacked, Or You Suffered a Crash!

This could happen anytime without any warning! Yes, I’ve been faced with these two situations at one time or the other. For example, one of my several blogs was hacked sometime ago and I had to reinstall the blog after cleaning up the damage. Also, I have done this for some clients who, while they were trying to do something on their blogs, mistakenly “touched” the wrong thing and suddenly everything came crashing down and re-installing the blog was the only solution!

NOTE: For you to recover from these two situations and get your blog back online in record time, you need a backup of your blog. So if you do not have a backup system right now it is important that you setup one. One thing I must point out here is that it is not advisable to have your backup folder in the same directory where your blog is installed. Using a backup system like Dropbox.com is a better alternative. Dropbox.com has a wordpress plugin that makes it easy to set and forget the backup process. Click here for more details about Dropbox.com.

Ok, so the above scenarios may warrant your moving your wordpress blog at anytime in the course of your blogging career. The good news is whatever the situation the method I’m about showing you here can take care of your need!

Besides, with this method you will be able to transfer your wordpress site to another server without any lose of rankings, link juice or worry about re-installing each and every plugin manually. Every blog customization was done on your blog before the movement will be maitained without fail!

You’ll definitely love this …!

How to Migrate Your WordPress Site without Any Hassles!

Before looking at the step by step guide let’s look at what you will need:

(a) A backup of your old MySQL database.

(b) A backup of your old wp-content folder.

(c) A backup of your uploads/images folder.

(d) A backup of your old wp-config.php File.

Please Note: – If you’re setting up your Dropbox.com account (or any other backup system) always make sure that the above files and folders are included in your backup. This way if you suffer a crash or any such thing, you’ll have them handy.

And so, let’s get on with the step by step guide:

Step #1: Take a Backup of Your MySQL Database

This is your current MYSQL database. You can either get this from your Dropbox.com backup or you can take a backup manually.

Here’s how to take a backup manually:

1. Log into your current hosting account. This is where the wordpress blog or site you are moving is located.

2. Locate the backup wizard. Click on this and take a backup of your database. Here’s a graphic of what is involved:

BackUp database using file manager

then,

Choose backup

Choose to backup database and not root folder:

Select MySQL database and not root folder

Please note: If you have different blogs installed under your hosting account you will need to select the particular blog you are moving.

3. Save the backup in a place where you can locate it later. The backup should be saved as a .sql.gz file.

Step #2: Download Your Needed Files and Folders

Again, these can be retrieved from your Dropbox backup or downloaded directly. Now, if you are to download the files directly,  you can use a third party file upload utility like Filezila (Free) or use the file manager in your cpanel.

Download using file manager:

1. Locate and click to open the file manager.

2. To download any of the files simply select the file and then click on the “Download” icon at the top of the page.

Download a file with file manager

3. To download a folder (for example the wp-content folder), first compress the folder by selecting it and then clicking on the compress icon at the top of the page:

Compress and download a folder

Confirm compression of folder:

confirm compress of the folder

and now the result:

The compression result

Once that is done, download as above.

Save all downloads where you can easily access them.

Step #3: Update Nameservers for Your Domain in Your New Hosting Account

If you are moving the same domain name to a new hosting account, the domain name must be setup under your new host. To do this, login to your clients’ area (that is, where your domain name is registered, and then change the nameservers to point to your new host.

Please make sure you do this after you have taken all downloads in step #2 above.

STEP 4: Update the Domain Name in the Downloaded Database File (Optional)

This is only necessary if you’re changing the domain name. If you are using the same domain name simply skip this step and move on to the next step.

1. To update the domain name, locate the database zip file you have downloaded and unzip it.

2. Open the file in your text editor.

3. Open your find/replace tool and then type the name of the domain you want to change in the “Find” area then enter the new domain name in the “Replace with” area.

Updating the domain name using a search and replace tool

4. Click “Replace All” and wait for it to update the records.

5. Save the file. Remember not to “save as” but simply click on “File” and then “Save.”

NOTE: Some text editors may break the serialized DB data stored in the file. To avoid this it is better to use a serialize-aware tool like Search-Replace-DB (https://github.com/interconnectit/Search-Replace-DB).

Step #5: Install New Blog

This will take you a couple of minutes using Fantastico or Softaculous.

I want to assume that you know how to do this already so I’m not going to give you another tutorial about that here! However, here’s one VERY IMPORTANT thing you must do:

1. Open the wp-config.php file you’ve downloaded from the old install.

2. Locate the “WordPress Database Table Prefix” and take note of the table prefix. This is usually in the form of wp_. For example, in the graphic below the table prefix is, “pa_”

Wordpress Database Table Prefix

3. Now when installing the new wordpress blog deliberately enter a different table prefix. For example, instead of the “pa_” you can use “be_”.

STEP #6: Upload Downloaded Files from the Old Site

These files include:

1.    The zipped wp-content folder containing all themes and plugins from your old installation,

And,

2.  The zipped uploads/images folder

Please do not upload the wp-config.php file from the old installation.

To upload these files you can use FileZila but just as we did in step #2 above we can also use the file manager in your cpanel to do this.

1. Open your file manager and then delete the wp-content folder in the current installation. Simply select the folder and then click on “delete” at the top of the page.

2. Click on “Upload” and select the files to upload.

3.    Once the folders have uploaded, unzip them by selecting the zipped folder and then clicking on the “Unzip” icon at the top of the page.

Please note that you must do this before moving on to the next step.

Step #7: Drop (Delete) the New Database

This is the database of the new site you have just installed.

1. From cpanel locate phpMyAdmin and click to open

MyphpAdmin graphic

2. Select the database you want to drop.

3. Click on the “Structure” tab.

4. Locate the “Check All” link at the bottom of the tables and click on it. This will select all the files.

5. In the drop-down menu which says “With selected,” select “Drop.”

6. Click on “Go” and confirm when you are prompted to do so.

NOTE: This will remove the database of your new installed blog.

how to delete the database - graphic

Step #8: Upload New Database

Still working in phpMyAdmin, upload the database from your old site:

1. Click the “Import” tab.

2. Click “Browse” to select the .sql.zip database file you backed up earlier.

3. Click the “Go” button at the bottom of the page.

4. Wait for this to upload. Depending on the size of your database, this will take some time so be patient until it successfully uploads.

Upload old Database file

Step #9: Update wp-config.php File

At this point your wordpress site should be ready to go but you need just one more thing to make everything work.

Remember in step #5 we intentionally used a different database table prefix for our new installation? Now is the time to put in the correct thing.

Here is how to do it:

1. Open the file manager from cpanel

2. Locate the wp-config.php file and open it. Simply select it and click on the “edit” link at the top of the page.

3. When it opens look for the “WordPress Database Table Prefix” section and then change the prefix to what is in the old installation. For our example above we changed the prefix “pa” to “be_” We can now change it back to “pa_” and then save the file.

Step #10: Update Permalinks

At this point if you open your blog on your browser you will discover that your site is live with every customization and detail before you moved the site to a new host. However, if you try visiting any of the posts or a page you will discover that instead of opening an error will appear. This is because you have not updated the permalinks structure.

So, login to the blog dashboard (use the login details of your old blog) and update the permalinks structure.

Please note that the custom permalinks structure from your old blog would have been pre-filled in the box. All you need to do is click on the update button and you are done!

Step #11?

Congratulate yourself, seriously! You have just accomplished what many people will never attempt. So go on, pop some Champaign because you’ve just joined that special group of WordPress Pros! 🙂

Alright, this is the easiest way I’ve found to migrate your wordpress site/blog from one host to another without losing ranking or going through the pains of re-installing the plugins  one by one and also not working your blog customization again! I hope this is useful to you.

Recommended: The Untold Truth About Web Hosting That Every WordPress Blogger Must Know!

Now it’s Your Turn: This indeed appears to be the longest post ever on the Web Income Journal and I’ll love to know what you think of this post. Was it helpful? Did you learn something new from it? Do you need some more clarifications on the topic discussed? Feel free to share with us in the comments below.

Besides, I’ll appreciate it if you will use the share buttons below to promote the post with your online networks.

Resources:

1. Reliable WordPress backup resource – Dropbox.com

2. Reliable WordPress hosting company with great features and wonderful support – Arvive.com

3. Still don’t want to migrate your wordpress blog by yourself? Get professional WordPress help here! I’ll personally help you with this.

12 Days of Christmas: A Daily Inspiration for the Season!

Today, in light of the Yuletide season, I’m starting a daily dose of inspiration and empowerment talk aimed at helping you better appreciate what you have passed through in the year and preparing you for the coming year!

The idea for this actually came to me after what I passed through this past week when the Web Income Journal came down for the second time this year! Indeed, it was yet another trying moment for me as different thoughts raced through my mind.

Wonderfully enough I was able to overcome these negative thoughts and during that time I came to realize that a whole lot of thing account for many abandoning their dream of enjoying the internet lifestyle!

Yes, the purpose of the Web Income Journal is to “educate, inspire and empower our esteem readers and friends” as clearly stated on our tagline:

Inspiration. Empowerment. Results!

And what better time to do this than now. For this reason I have decided to give my own little 12 days of Christmas inspirational dose which I hope will greatly help one way or the other!

12 Days of Christmas Inspiration from WebIncomeJournal.com

First, you may want to hear my story…

On Wednesday 4th December I woke up fully loaded and energized for the day’s activities. The day before I had published the readers’ appreciation webhosting giveaway post and waking up that morning, I was excited about the things I was going to do.

And so, with high spirits and after a few things to set the day rolling,  I proceeded to load the Web Income Journal but instead of the site loading it returned a 403 forbidden error!

I couldn’t understand what was happening. At first I thought it was something to do with my computer but when I tried another one and the message was the same, I knew there was trouble!

I immediately got on the phone with the mind of contacting my webhost. But then, I was met with another surprise, none of the customer service numbers were working!

To make matters worst, when I attempted visiting the webhost’s site to create a support ticket, I discovered that the their site was also down!

You could practically see my frustration at this point. I tried desperately a few more times but after about 4 hours of trying without any results I was both annoyed and wondered why this was happening again a few months after this site faced a whole lot of troubles which also had to do with webhosting?

After about 8 hours of waiting and contemplating what to do, I received an email that simply read….

“Hi,

“One of the accounts hosted on your VPS is causing load issues by running multiple instances of resource intensive PHP scripts. Due to these scripts laod is going high and our clients are experiencing performance issues. Here is the list of processes that we found running on your VPS: (then followed a list of codes that were the cause of the problem).”

“We had no other choice but to disable web access of this account. You need to contact your developer in order to optimize these scripts and queries to ensure they consume less amount of resources.”

Seeing this as a ray of hope, I quickly replied the email asking for more clarification promising to fix the problem. But somehow till this hour, no answer came in reply to the questions I asked neither was there any other one to the other emails I sent later.

This was really unsettling for me as this has never happened before.

All Is Well That End Well…!

After 2 days of trying different ways to access the site (with no reply from my webhost and web access still disabled to the site, I really did not know what to do) without any success, I decided on starting a fresh site using the backup I had with me, though that would have led to my losing about one month’s content.

But then, I felt moved to check the VPS Control Panel. To my surprise, it opened! Surprised at this, I proceeded to open the Root Control Panel (this is the central control for all the sites hosted on the VPS account) and this also opened without any problem.

It was then I realized that the internet access was only cut off to the blog and not the root cpanel!

At this point my hopes were rekindled and I quickly took a backup of the database and also downloaded some other essential files. Once I had the backup and files, I was ready to set up the blog again.

Well, it was 4 days of soul searching for me.  Experiencing two site failures in just a year was damn too much for me. However, throughout this period the words of Apostle Paul, one of the foremost fathers of the Christian faith, were always ringing in my heart:

“We are hard pressed on every side, yet not crushed; we are prepared, but not in despair; perplexed, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed…

“For our light affiction, which is but for a moment, is working for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.”

These words not only uplifted my spirit but also gave renewed zeal knowing that what is happening is only but for a moment but what is ahead is far more glorious!

And so, with that mind I went on to install a fresh blog and wonderfully the blog is back without any loss of data. Even the webhosting giveaway post which was published a few hours before the tragedy struck is intact!

So, What’s the Lesson for Us?

Ironically, instead of this incident crushing my spirit it rather boosted my resolve to move on to accomplishing my dreams! Yes, at first I had some unsettling thoughts but then considering those words of Apostle Paul I realized my dreams are just too big to be crushed by disappointments like this one. And this is what has fired my decision to share this with you.

I don’t know your experiences so far in your journey to achieving your dreams online, one thing that is sure is, do not allow such experiences to deter you. Don’t allow them distract you from the fact that you have a destination – a goal. See them as temporary setbacks but your destination is something too big to be stopped.

And so, here is my encouragement to you…

  • Don’t Give Up – Adversities Are Actually Your Advance Riders!
  • You may not be able to prevent every tragedy from happening but you can prevent them from destroying you!
  • Your goal and dreams are far too wonderful to be stopped.
  • Tragedies that come your way are truly there to teach you things you may never have learned otherwise!

Yes, keep on the race and always remember: “Winners Never Quit and Quitters Never Win!”

You will end well!

Your friend.

Chadrack